Disaster Management

Bihar – Official website of Disaster Management –

Disaster Profile – Floods, Droughts, Fire and Earthquakes

District Control Room – 06341-223333,    Cyber Emergency or Cyber Disaster : ALOKRAJ, DIO, NIC – 06341-225096, Mb.- 8936037954, alok.raj[at], bihsei[at]


1 SIDDARTH KUMAR Director- DRDA cum Nodal Officer, Disaster Management, Sheikhpura 6341- 223304, 224903 (fax) 9431818387 ksidharthrdd2011[at]
Sr.No. Officer Land Line number email
Residence Office Mobile Fax
1 District Megistrate, Sheikhpura 06341- 223100 223041 9473191400 223001 dm-sheikhpura.bih[at]
2 Superintendent of Police, sheikhpura 06341-223037 223339 9431800009 223386 sp-sheikhpura.bih[at]
3 DDC -Sheikhpura 06341- 223308 223304 9431818372 224903 ddc-sheikhpura-bih[at]
4 ADM- Sheikhpura 06341- 223580 224878 9473191401 admsheikhpura[at],


5 SDM- Sheikhpura 06341- 223251 223254 9473191402 infosdoshk[at],


6 SDPO – sheikhpura 223347 9431800023
7 Civil Surgeon – District Hospital-Sheikhpura 06341-224342 223384 9934298248 Fax-225031 dhs.skhp[at]gmail.comdhs_skhp[at]
8 Fire officer, Sheikhpura 6341- 225195 8757815787
Health Department
Dy. Supd., Sub Div Hospital
A.C.M.O. 9470003732
Dr. K. Purusottam
Dr. Ashok kumar
Dr. Ramashey Prashad
Dr. Krishan Murai Prashad
Dr. Mrigendra Singh
DPM, District Health Society
Hospital Manager,
DPM, District Health Society 8986903694
I/c Medical Officer, PHC, Ariyari 9470003729
I/c Medical Officer, Barbigha 9470003737
I/c Medical Officer, PHC,, Sheikhpura 9470003738
I/c Medical Officer, PHC, Chewara 9470003728
I/c Medical Officer, PHC,, Sekhopur Sarai 9470003733
I/c Medical Officer, PHC,, Ghatkusumbha 9470003734

Bihar Hazard Profile

The multi-disaster prone state of Bihar requires a multi-disciplinary approach to deal with these disasters requiring participation of various stakeholders. It requires a continuous and integrated process of planning, organising, coordinating and implementing measures that are necessary for risk prevention, mitigation of risk impacts, preparing to face the disaster event, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some of the prominent disasters and their impacts are –

Bihar’s topography is marked by a number of perennial and non-perennial rivers of which, those originating from Nepal are known to carry high sediment loads that are then deposited on the plains of Bihar. A majority of the rainfall in this region is concentrated in the 3 months of monsoon during which the flow of rivers increases up to 50 times causing floods in Bihar. 68800 sq km out of a total area of 94160 sq km, an estimated 73% per cent of the total land area in Bihar is vulnerable to flood . Annual flooding in Bihar accounts for about 30-40% of the flood damages in India; 22.1% of the total flood affected population in India is reported to be located within the state of Bihar. 28 districts of Bihar fall under most flood prone and flood prone districts.

Earthquake :-
Bihar is located in the high seismic zone that falls on the boundary of the tectonic plate joining the Himalayan tectonic plate near the Bihar-Nepal Border and has six sub-surface fault lines moving towards the Gangetic planes in four directions. Major parts of the state are classified under in seismic zone IV and V by the Vulnerability Atlas of India, i.e. as having high earthquake vulnerability with the potential to cause very high degree of devastation. In all, 15.2% of the total area of Bihar is classified under Zone V and 63.7% of the total area of Bihar falls in Zone IV. Of the 38 districts, 8 districts fall in seismic zone V while 24 districts fall in seismic zone IV and 6 districts in seismic zone III with most districts falling under multiple seismic zones (i.e. either seismic zone V & IV or seismic zone IV & III). The state has in the past experienced major earthquakes; the worst was the 1934 earthquake in which more than 10,000 people lost their lives, followed by 1988 earthquake.

Drought :-
Though the climate of Bihar is favourable for production of various crops, the agriculture of the state is dependent on behaviour of monsoon and distribution of rainfall. Although the average rainfall in the state is 1120 mm, considerable variations occur between the different parts of the State. Large part of the state is now increasingly vulnerable to drought due to climate change. In the absence of adequate rainfall, most part of Bihar including North Bihar which is prone to floods faces drought situations. South and South West Bihar are more vulnerable and often experiences severe drought situations.

Other Hazards :-
Apart from the above hazards, the state is also prone to cold and heat waves, Cyclonic storms (high speed winds) and other human-induced hazards like fire, epidemics, road / boat accidents, stampedes etc. Incidences of fire are mainly local in nature but have a severe impact on villages. Since a majority of Kucha houses have thatch roofs and wooden structures, in the summer months when winds are high, fires from the traditional stoves spread to damage entire villages.