Though there is no authentic history of Sheikhpura scripted in any book or records but according to knowledge collected from various sources history of Sheikhpura dates back to the age of Mahabharata. It is believed that in the Mahabharata age a demon girl Hidimba lived on the hillocks situated on its Eastern stretch with whom one Pandava brother Bhima married and gave birth to a heroic son ‘Ghatotkach’. Later on this hill was called ‘Girihinda’ after the name of Hindimba or Hidimba. Girihinda village is still situated over there.
Health Service Map of Sheikhpura
17 PHSc, 1 Sadar Hospital
Click here to enlarge or download: Health Map of Sheikhpura (154KB)
History of Sheikhpura
According to one belief about six hundred years ago a great suphie saint ‘Hazarat Makhdum Shah Shoeb Rahamatullah Aleh’ had founded the city of Sheikhpura. He settled over here and the dense forests were cleaned and people started settling over here. Later on it became densely populated.
During the Pallava reign also Sheikhpura was one of the chief administrative centres. It is believed that the famous Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri had got the famous ‘Dal Kuan’ constructed over here. Till now ‘Dal Kuan’ and Sheikhpura is believed to be synonymous with each other.
During the mughal period, Sheikhpura got the status of Thana. In the British period Sheikhpura was accorded the status of Big Kotwali and after independence it was given the status of Block. On 14th April 1983 Sheikhpura became a Subdivision and on 31st July 1994 it was upgraded to District status.
- Location : Sheikhpura is a new district carved out of Munger district on 31-07-1994. District Head Quarter Sheikhpura is situated at North side of Gaya-Kuel Rail line. This district lies in the southern part of Bihar that is bounded by Nalanda & Patna district in North, Nawada & Jamui district in South, Lakhisarai district in East and Nalanda & Nawada district in West. The district spanning in 77705 hectares is situated between North latitudes 24º45′ and 25º and East longitude 85º45′ and 86º45′.
- Topography :Topographically district has two types of region – the rocky highland formed by hilly portion in centre, surrounded by fertile land in North, South, East and West. The land is sloping towards North Eastern side. Because of the low lying area in some parts of the North Eastern side, the water gets accumulated during rainy season leading to water-logged conditions. This area is geographically known as Tal area.
- Climate:The district has hot summers & moderate winters. Summers start from middle of March and lasts till July. The monsoon usually breaks in the second half of June and lasts till September.
- Annual Rainfall Stastistics :
- District – 1207mm
- Block :
- Ariari – 943mm
- Barbigha – 1052mm
- Sheikhpura – 930mm
- Soil:The district has rich alluvial soil composed of sand, silt and clay in most parts of district. The soil is most fertile and suitable for agriculture. The alkaline and saline deposits are rarely found.
- Rivers:There are no big rivers of perennial nature worth to be mentioned in this district. Of course there are some small rivers which flow during rainy season viz Somi, Korihari, Tati, Kachchi & Rijown.
Sheikhpura district is one of the thirty eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Sheikhpura town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Sheikhpura district is a part of Munger Division. Sheikhpura was separated from Munger District and was made a separate district with headquarters at Sheikhpura on 31 July 1994. Sheikhpura district has given many veteran leaders to the nation like the first chief minister of Bihar, Shri Krishna Singh, Sukhdev Prasad Singh, Member of Parliyament Rajo Singh etc. The main role in the formation of this district was of Rajo Singh.
Sheikhpura district occupies an area of 689 square kilometres (266 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to the Solomon Islands’ Kolombangara. S.K.R college barbigha stadium is the most prominent place for district players.
Shekhpura is one of the smallest district of Bihar having just six blocks and people are dependent on agriculture. Some Mining of smaller hillocks with crushers is one of the main activities for employment. In 2006 Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sheikhpura one of the country’s 250 Poverty in India (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Health and medicine
Sheikhpura is a centre of health care for all village and block. Sadar Hospital first medical Hospital by government was established in the city most popular place which is called Dallu Chowk. After some time Private hospital flourish by Government Doctor Slowly healthare system in hand of private doctor like Mirgenra Babu Clinic and some good and motivational medicine seller like RAJU MEDICO.
The district consists only one sub-division Sheikhpura, which is divided into six developmental blocks: Ariari, Sheikhpura, Barbigha, Ghatkusumbha, Chewara, Shekhopur Sarai.
Legislative Assembly Constituencies
Sheikhpura (Vidhan Sabha constituency) and Barbigha (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
The district has many villages including Chittaura, Jagdishpur, Toygarh, Teus, Narsingh pur, Jairampur, Bazidpur, Barsa, Pinjari, Bhalua, Bhadarathi, AIFNI, Ramzanpur, Kuttubchak, Samas, Herganwan, Mohni, Konand, Nabi Nagar Kakrar, Belchhi, Hussainabad, Bigha (Vidyapur), Pandhar, Pachna, Deole, Mahuat, Dalhar, Nimi, Miyan Bigha, Biman, Lohan, sohadi, Kasar, Karki, Diha, jodhanbigha, baikatpur, Farpar, Rampur, Ariari, Kaithwan, Bhadauns, Sirari, Barama, Sultanpur, Gagri, Ghoghnsa, Gaway, Hathiyawan, Hasauri, Charuanwa, Maniyouri, MEHUS, AIJHI, Katari, RamnuBigha, Mafo, Pain, Audhe, Namdargang, Ambari, Kshema, Belao, Sadikpur, Bhadeli, Panepur, Asthana, Jodhanbigha, Sugiya, KORMA. Dobadih, Ismailpur, Nagdih, Maldah, Murarpur, Sasbahna, Latkana, karimabigha, Ghuskuri, Eksari, Jamuara, Barui, kunda, Maninda, Kurmuri, siyani, Bhikhni. KEMRA ,Pathraita, Katnikol,pachna, Ekhara, Ekarma, Bhusri, Aazadnagar, Lohan, Noni Kemra ,Asthawan .imam nagar
- Sheikhpura P.S.
- Sirari O.P.
- Ariyari P.S.
- Kasar O.P.
- Mahuli O.P.
- Kusumbha O.P.
- Chewara P.S.
- Karande O.P.
- Korma P.S.
- Mehus P.S.
- Barbigha P.S.
- Shekhopur Sarai P.S.
- Jayrampur O.P.
17 Primary Health Centers – PHCs, 579 Aaganwadi Kendras, 157 Schools.
Transport & Roadways
The town is connected by road to major hubs in the region with frequent bus service.
Sheikhpura is located on the broad gauge line Gaya-Kiul line connecting Kiul and Gaya. The town is served by a direct daily train to Kolkata, and a weekly service to Guwahati via Bhagalpur. The state capital Patna could be reached through a stop-over at Kiul from where rest of India is well connected.
Very recently the Fatuha-Islampur and Bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir branch lines have been connected with this route. Extension of passenger services to inter-link Sheikhpura with Hilsa, Bihar|Hilsa and Bihar Sharif is expected very soon.
Sheikhpura has a well developed transport system inside city on very cheap rate. Tum-Tum is generally Driven by Horse, and used to travel in all part of city as a local transport. Tum-Tum are now old memory of sheikhpura auto has been started in the city since 2 years.
According to the 2011 census Sheikhpura district has a population of 1,11,089, roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro or the US state of Vermont. This gives it a ranking of 516th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 922 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,390/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.82%. Sheikhpura has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.96%.
Languages used in the district include , Hindi, urdu,Magadhi, and, Indo-Aryan language written in the Devanagari script,
The district is a part of erstwhile Magadh empire and proudly follows rich culture of Magadh. Tourist Places: Arghauti Pokhar, Girihinda Pahar (With Temple of Lord ‘SHIV’), Samas (Lord ‘VISHNU’),.Tripurai Temple famous in Akhara Village which is situated in Chewara Block. You reach Akhara Village via two route via chewara city and Ariyari, Situated 14 km from sheikhpura.
Schools in Sheikhpura District
Sanskar Public School, S.A.D.N. Convent School, The Doon Academy. HIGH SCHOOL AIJHI KATARI [[D.M. High school 10+2] Established on 1932.] HIGH SCHOOL AIFNI, High school Mehus, Janta High School Sirari, high school nimi, Rajo Sigh High School Ambari, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, Gagari, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, Shekhopur Sarai, High School Bhadus Pachna,R.N.Jha High School, Barama, Rajkiya Madhya Vidyalay Biman, Uccha Vidyalay Lohan, Adrash high school pharpar diha, at pharpar, Sri Bijojanki High School, Akhara(Established in the year 1948 just one year after freedom of India)
Ideal Middle School Of Charuanwa will be a next High School of this District. Adarsh High School Lohan is very famous in Sheikhpura Also awaiting for government approval Adarsha High school Sohadi is to popular around 5 punchayat like Chordh dargah, Sohadi, Gohada, Marina And Aphardih.
Colleges in Sheikhpura District
Most reputed college is Ramadhin college, which located in Girihinda, Sheikhpura. Others are Islamia High School, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Chandrshekhar Banke Nasib College, Hathiama, Sanjay Gandhi Smarika Women’s College Shekhpura, Sundar Singh College,Mehus, Nimi College, Shekhopur Sarai, MURLIDHAR MURARKA, Sanskar Public High School, Utkarmaniya High school Hussainabad, Sheikhpura
As per 2011 Census of India, Sheikhpura District population was 111089, Sheikhpura town population was 62,927 of which male and female population was 33,137 and 29,790 respectively. Population of children of age 0 – 6 years was 10,983. The literacy rate was 69.04% of the population over 6 years. The sex ratio was 899 females per thousand males. Sheikhpura Nagar Parishad has total administration over 10,181 houses to which it supplies basic amenities.
The Town is well connected by Road and railways, the nearest Airport to sheikhpura is Patna Airport.
The town is located on National Highway 333A, and is well connected by road to major hubs in the region with frequent bus service.
Sheikhpura Railway Station is located on the broad gauge line connecting Kiul and Gaya. The town is served by a direct daily train to Kolkata, and a weekly service to Guwahati via Bhagalpur. The state capital Patna could be reached through a stop-over at Kiul from where rest of India is well connected. Sheikhpura district came in effect on year 1988 by Bihar first CM – Dr. Krishna Sir but Railways station was established by British Colonial administration during year 1824 almost after Luckhisarai Station on main line of Delhi-Howrah route for connectivity of Gaya line route.
PIN code of Sheikhpura post office is 811105
For More Information…. Please visit : http://www.nic.in/state/district/Bihar/Sheikhpura